Periodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with the structures surrounding and supporting the teeth.
Scaling and Root Planing/Periodontal Cleaning (Deep Cleaning) – Is the process of removing dental plaque, its products, and calculus – which cause inflammation and bone loss. Much of the removal is below the gum line and anesthetic is necessary.
Gingivectomy – Is the excision of the gingiva. By removing the pocket wall, gingivectomy provides visibility and accessibility for complete calculus removal and thorough smoothing of the roots, creating a favorable environment for gingival healing and restoration of a physiologic gingival contour.
Osseous Surgery – Is the final step in treating periodontal disease. It is a procedure used to smooth and reshape the affected bone and create a shallow pocket that makes it more difficult for more aggressive bacteria to survive.
Soft-Tissue Grafts – Soft tissue grafting is often necessary to combat gum recession. Periodontal disease, trauma, aging, over brushing and poor tooth positioning are the leading causes of gum recession which can lead to tooth-root exposure in severe cases. The main goal of soft tissue grafting is to either cover the exposed root or to thicken the existing gum tissue in order to halt further tissue loss.
Bone Grafting – When the jaw is not strong enough to support a tooth, a graft may be needed. This process builds bone so dental implants can be completed.
Crown Lengthening – Is a surgical procedure performed by a dentist to expose a greater amount of tooth structure for the purpose of subsequently restoring the tooth prosthetically. To place a filling or crown, your dentist needs to expose more of the tooth. This is done by removing some gum tissue or bone. Some people have a lot of gum tissue around their upper teeth. Dentists call this “gummy smile.”